While obesity plays a major role in the development of Type 2 diabetes, there are a number of other factors to take into consideration. In fact, things like ethnic background, family history, age and polycystic ovary syndrome have all been linked to the blood glucose disease.1 However, new research has found that women can reduce their risk of diabetes by enjoying items rich in flavonoids.
Professionals from the University of East Anglia and Kings College London conducted a cross-sectional study of nearly 2,000 females from the U.K. who were asked to complete questionnaires regarding their food frequencies.2 Additionally, the participants' blood glucose levels, insulin resistance and inflammation levels were all regulated.
"Our research looked at the benefits of eating certain sub-groups of flavonoids," Aedin Cassidy, lead author of the study, said in a statement.3 "We focused on flavones, which are found in herbs and vegetables such as parsley, thyme and celery, and anthocyanins, found in berries, red grapes, wine and other red or blue-colored fruits, and vegetables."
Based on the results of the questionnaires and other information that was collected by researchers, it was found that diets rich in anthocyanins and flavones resulted in reduced insulin resistance. This means that females who consume items like berries, herbs and red grapes – all of which are rich in these two compounds – are less likely to develop Type 2 diabetes.4 Authors of the study would like to conduct further investigations into just how much of these items are necessary to lower one's risk.
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1 WebMD, "Risk factors for diabetes" July 17, 2012
2 The Journal of Nutrition, "Intakes of anthocyanins and flavones are associated with biomarkers of insulin resistance and inflammation in women" December 11, 2013
3 HealthDay, "Chocolate, tea, berries may cut diabetes risk: study" January 21, 2014
4 University of East Anglia, "UEA research shows ingredients found in chocolate, tea and berries could guard against diabetes" January 20, 2014